POLEMIK TEORI KENABIAN PERSPEKTIF FILOSOF MUSLIM (STUDI KOMPARASI PEMIKIRAN AL-FARABI DAN ABUBAKAR AL-RAZI)
The most important basis for the knowledge of muslim philosophers is reason and revelation, while revelation is unacceptable to logical reason, and revelation is the source of knowledge that only god gives to prophets.This is where the prophetic polemic between the thoughts of Muslim philosophers.The Muslim philosopher is Al-Farabi who generally accepts prophetic theory, and there is a Muslim philosopher who rejects the prophetic theory is Abu Bakr Al-Razi.This becomes a phenomenon that occurs in the thinking of Muslim philosophers. According to Al-Farabi it is that the prophet was very closely related to the philosopher because both were able to communicate with the tenth sense (Gabriel).And a prophet must get revelation, so that when he communicates with the mind of the fa'al he is able to grasp all the truth that comes from the mind of the fa'al.While according to Al-Razi that there is no need for prophets, because Allah created reason for man, with human reason can know more everything including knowing the whole and his Lord.In the works entitled Bar al-Sa'ah and Sirr al-israr, Al-Razi wrote this kind of phrase, "May Allah bestow blessings on his best creation, the Prophet Muhammad, and his family." And another expression, "May Allah bestow blessings on our sayids, our lovers, and our helpers on the Day of Resurrection, namely Muhammad, may Allah always bestow blessings and greetings to him.
Keywords : Polemics, Prophetic Theory, Muslim Philosophers.
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