Pemanfaatan Limbah Bonggol Jagung Menjadi Biobriket Dengan Proses Karbonasi Sebagai Energi Terbarukan

Authors

  • Chaliceta Fazanuari Islamia Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • Fairuz Zabaniyah Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • Yunita Anggraini Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • Nyko Joubu Soedjana Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • Denny Oktavina Radianto Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31004/koloni.v3i2.619

Abstract

Biomass is a potential energy source and can be developed as an alternative energy source as a substitute for fossil fuels. Biomass can be converted into briquettes or charcoal which can be used as an energy source, such as for the drying process in processing crumb rubber and smoked sit. Biomass charcoal briquettes or biobriquettes are made from biomass charcoal, either in the form of parts that are intentionally used as raw material for briquettes or leftovers or waste from agro-industrial production/processing processes. For example, wood, coconut shells, palm shell charcoal, bamboo waste, corn cobs, rice husks and tobacco stem waste can be raw materials for biobriquettes. Apart from that, waste from the crumb rubber industry in the form of chips can also be used as biobriquettes. Biobriquette manufacturing technology is widely available. Making biobriquettes requires supporting materials such as clay, starch glue, water and other mixing materials. The composition of these materials really depends on the type of raw material for making biobriquettes. Before making biobriquettes, biomass must first be converted into charcoal, then the charcoal is crushed, mixed and molded into various briquette shapes such as cylinders, cubes and eggs. From several research results, in general the calorific value produced from biobriquettes is not significantly different compared to coal briquettes. Therefore, biobriquettes can be used as fuel for the natural rubber drying process.

References

Anonim. 2007. Briket Batubara sebagai Alternatif Pengganti Minyak Tanah. Kementrian Negara Riset dan Teknologi @2004.ristek.go.id.

Harsono, Heru. 2002. Pembuatan Silika Amorf dari Limbah Tongkol Jagung. Jurusan Fisika Universitas Brawijaya. Malang

Hasbullah. 2001. Teknologi Tepat Guna Agro Industri Kecil Sumatera Barat. Dewan Ilmu Pengetahuan, Teknologi dan Industri Sumatera Barat. Padang

Hermawan, Y.. 2006. Pemanfaatan Limbah Tongkol Jagung sebagai Bahan Bakar dalam Bentuk Briket. Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Jember. Jember.

Houston, D.F., 1992. Rice Chemistry an Technologi. American Association of Cereal Chemist. Inc.,Minnesota.

Hutagalung, Halomoan. 2004. Karbohidrat. Bagian Ilmu Gizi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan.

Kurniawan, Warsono. 2012. Sekam Padi sebagai Sumber Energi Alternatif dalam Rumah Tangga Petani. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Departemen Pertanian, Bogor.

Norman I, S. Nugroho, M. F. Feliyana. 2019. Uji Kualitas Produk Briket Arang Tempurung Kelapa Berdasarkan Standar Mutu SNI. Fakultas Teknik-Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 103-108. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36499/jim.v15i2.3073

Poppy D.S., W. A. Puri, D. Hanum. 2018. Delignifikasi Bonggol Jagung Dengan Metode Microwave. Alkali. Jurnal Agrika., Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 164-172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31328/ja.v12i2.767

Rifdah, N. Herawati, F. Dubron. 2017. Pembuatan Biobriket Dari Limbah Tongkol Jagung Pedagang Jagung Rebus Dan Rumah Tangga Sebagai Bahan Bakar Energi Terbarukan Dengan Proses Karbonisasi. Distilasi, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 39-46, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32502/jd.v2i2.1202

Downloads

Published

06-05-2024

How to Cite

Fazanuari Islamia, C., Zabaniyah, F., Anggraini, Y., Joubu Soedjana, N., & Oktavina Radianto, D. (2024). Pemanfaatan Limbah Bonggol Jagung Menjadi Biobriket Dengan Proses Karbonasi Sebagai Energi Terbarukan. KOLONI, 3(2), 59–64. https://doi.org/10.31004/koloni.v3i2.619

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>